The photographer Moshe Wąs

 "Once, the Germans entered the photo shop that belonged to my brother Mojsze [Wąs]. They searched there. Out of anger that they could not find anything - my brother had hidden his cameras in advance - they confiscated everything they thought was valuable". This is a fragment of Pola Szwarc's memories, which were included in the Sokołów Memorial Book, translated by Agata from Yiddish into Polish. Soon you will be able to read them at https://sokolow.jewish.pl/

In 1937, Moszko Wąs photographed the anti-Jewish riots in Sokołów. The photos he took then are the only ones that document those events.

After the liquidation of the Sokołów ghetto, Pola Szwarc was hiding with her husband, Abram Zajdenberg, in Warsaw and Grodzisk. In 1943, she gave birth to a son - Aaron. Soon her husband was killed by the gendarmes. She wandered around different cities with the baby, and finally gave him to a shelter for children. After the war, she bought him from his adoptive family and they left for Israel together.

The house in Sokołów shown in the photo is long gone.


"Magical performances"

It is a document from 1921. It is a permit for Mikołaj Grinberg, who lived in Sokołów at 41 Długa Street, to organize three "magical performances" - on March 28 in Sterdyń, on March 29 and 30 in Kosów.


From the Archive

 May 1, 1933

The Evening Courses Society in Sokołów on the occasion of the May 1 holiday organized a meeting for its members at 12 noon. Zelik Lon spoke about the importance of the workers' holiday and Berek Flejszer about the persecution of Jews in Germany by Hitler's government. Both speakers are from Sokołów. About 50 people present.

Poalej-Sjon-Right in Sokołów organized a meeting in the town hall. Speeches were delivered by Ejnoch Zając, Perec Granatsztejn and Icek Międzyrzecki - they all spoke about the importance of the workers' holiday for the working masses, about the persecution of Jews in Germany by the Nazis, about the situation in Palestine and its rebuilding, about the raging crisis in the world and about the difficult living conditions of the Jewish population which is spread all over the world in the number of about 16 million heads. About 250 people were present at the event.


Yom haShoah

 Yom haShoah in Israel, April 8. Commemoration of Sokolow Jewish community at the Holon cemetery.


A postcard

 It's a postcard sent from Sokolow in 1928 to the YIVO Institute in Vilnius. It's written in Yiddish but maybe anyone could let us know what it says?


Węgrów Memorial Book

 A few years ago local authorities in Węgrów said that Polish-Jewish relations were great and we have to translate Memorial Book to prove that. But then they didn't. So I decided to do it.

You can se the result here (it's in Polish, but you can read it with Google Translate and there is one short chapter translated into English).


If you want to help and support this project you can do it here: https://pomagam.pl/wegrow